Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) is a cloud storage service provided by Amazon Web Services (AWS). It is a scalable, high-performance, and secure storage solution that can be used to store and retrieve any amount of data at any time.
In S3, objects are stored in “buckets,” which are logical containers for storing data. Objects can be stored in different “storage classes” depending on the access and durability requirements of the data.
The S3 storage classes are:
- Standard: The Standard storage class is the default storage class for S3. It is designed for high-frequency access to objects and provides high durability (99.999999999% annual durability). It is suitable for storing frequently accessed data such as photos, videos, and static web content.
- Standard-Infrequent Access (Standard-IA): The Standard-IA storage class is designed for objects that are not accessed frequently but need to be retained for a long time. It provides lower storage costs compared to the Standard storage class, but it has higher retrieval fees. It is suitable for storing data that is not accessed frequently, such as backups and archival data.
- One Zone-Infrequent Access (One Zone-IA): The One Zone-IA storage class is similar to the Standard-IA storage class, but it stores objects in a single availability zone instead of multiple availability zones. This reduces the cost of storage compared to the Standard-IA storage class, but it also reduces the durability and availability of the objects. It is suitable for storing data that is not accessed frequently and can tolerate the loss of a single availability zone.
- Intelligent-Tiering: The Intelligent-Tiering storage class is designed for objects that have unknown or changing access patterns. It automatically moves objects between the Frequent Access and Infrequent Access tiers based on the access patterns of the objects. This helps to reduce storage costs by moving infrequently accessed objects to the lower-cost Infrequent Access tier. It is suitable for storing data that has unpredictable or changing access patterns.
- Archive: The Archive storage class is designed for long-term storage of infrequently accessed data. It provides the lowest storage costs compared to other S3 storage classes, but it also has higher retrieval fees. It is suitable for storing data that is not accessed frequently and does not need to be quickly retrieved, such as regulatory compliance data and long-term archival data.
In summary, S3 storage classes are designed to meet the different storage and access requirements of various types of data. You can choose the appropriate storage class based on the access patterns and durability requirements of your data.