There are five basic concepts of C++ that are important for understanding the language and building object-oriented programs:
- Classes: A class is a template or blueprint for creating objects. It defines the properties and behaviors of an object, and it serves as a basis for creating instances of that object.
- Objects: An object is an instance of a class. It is a self-contained unit of code that has its own properties and behaviors.
- Inheritance: Inheritance is the ability of a class to inherit properties and behaviors from another class. This allows for code reuse and simplifies the development of new classes.
- Polymorphism: Polymorphism is the ability of an object to take on multiple forms or behaviors. This allows for more flexible and adaptable code.
- Encapsulation: Encapsulation is the process of hiding the internal data and behavior of an object from other objects. This helps to protect the integrity of the program and make it easier to maintain.
Overall, these concepts are essential for building object-oriented programs in C++, and they provide the foundation for many of the advanced features and capabilities of the language.