The five basic concepts in C++ are:
- Variables: Variables are used to store data values in a program. In C++, variables must be declared before they can be used, and they must be assigned a data type that determines the kind of values they can store.
- Data types: C++ provides a wide range of built-in data types, including integers, floating-point numbers, characters, and Booleans, as well as more complex types such as arrays, structures, and classes.
- Operators: Operators are special symbols that perform operations on variables and values. C++ provides a variety of operators, including arithmetic operators, relational operators, logical operators, and bitwise operators.
- Control statements: Control statements are used to control the flow of execution in a program. C++ provides several types of control statements, including if statements, switch statements, for loops, and while loops.
- Functions: Functions are blocks of code that perform a specific task and can be called from other parts of a program. C++ supports the creation of user-defined functions, as well as the use of built-in functions provided by the standard library.
These basic concepts form the foundation of C++ programming and are essential for building more complex programs. Understanding and mastering these concepts will help you to become proficient in C++ programming.