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Insertion operation in data structure

Insertion is a common operation in data structures such as arrays, lists, and trees. It involves adding a new element to the data structure at a specific position.

In an array, insertion can be done by shifting all the elements to the right of the insertion point by one position to make room for the new element. This can be time-consuming if the array is large and the insertion point is near the end of the array.

In a linked list, insertion is usually much faster because the elements are not stored in a contiguous block of memory. Instead, each element is stored in a separate node that contains a reference (or “link”) to the next element in the list. To insert a new element into a linked list, you just need to create a new node and update the links of the neighboring nodes to point to the new node.

There are several different ways to insert an element into a tree, depending on the type of tree and the location of the insertion point. In a binary search tree, for example, you might need to traverse the tree and compare the value of the new element to the values of the existing nodes to find the correct insertion point.

Overall, insertion is an important operation in many types of data structures, and it is often used to add new elements to a data structure or to maintain the structure’s sorted order.