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Features of C language

C is a general-purpose programming language that is known for its efficiency and flexibility. Some of the key features of C include:

  1. Procedural language: C is a procedural language, which means that it provides a set of rules for carrying out tasks using a series of procedures or functions. This makes it easy for developers to write and understand C code.
  2. Pointers: C uses pointers, which are variables that store the memory address of another variable. Pointers allow C programs to manipulate memory directly and can be used to create dynamic data structures, such as linked lists and trees.
  3. Built-in data types: C has a number of built-in data types, including char, int, and float, which can be used to store different types of data. It also supports arrays and structures, which allow developers to create and manipulate complex data structures.
  4. Operators and control structures: C includes a range of operators, such as arithmetic, logical, and bitwise operators, which can be used to manipulate data. It also includes control structures, such as if-else statements and for loops, which allow developers to control the flow of a program.
  5. Function prototypes: C supports function prototypes, which allow developers to declare functions before they are implemented. This helps to ensure that functions are used correctly and allows developers to create modular code that is easy to maintain.
  6. Portability: C is widely supported on a range of platforms, including Windows, Linux, and MacOS, which makes it easy to develop applications that can run on multiple platforms. It is also used to develop a variety of hardware devices, such as routers and printers.
  7. Efficiency: C is known for its efficiency, which makes it a popular choice for developing applications that require fast performance, such as operating systems and compilers.

Despite its strengths, C also has some limitations, such as a lack of support for object-oriented programming and a lack of built-in support for error handling. Despite these limitations, C remains a popular choice for many programmers and is widely used in a variety of industries.